FACTORY & BUILDING INDUSTRY
- Manufacturing buildings
- Process plant buildings
- Industrial steel buildings
- Breweries and distilleries
- Processing plants
- Textile factories
- Food processing buildings
- Steel warehousing
- Printing works
What is the Factory and Industrial Building Construction Industry?
Companies in the industry construct manufacturing structures, with firms specifically engaging in new work, additions and alterations.
- Industry Products
- Factories and other production buildings
- Agriculture and aquaculture buildings
- Other industrial buildings
- Industry Activities
- Factory and other secondary production building construction
- Warehouse building construction
- Agriculture and aquaculture building construction
- Other industrial buildings construction (crusher houses and oil depots)
Contract Mining Services, Sports and Athletic Field Construction, Supply Chain
Construction, Hardware Wholesaling, Heating, Cooling and Ventilation Equipment Manufacturing, Industrial and Other Property Operators, Machinery and Scaffolding Rental
FACTORY CONSTRUCTION AND PLANNING. The selection of the site and the design of factory buildings are vital economic factors in manufacture, as they contribute seriously to the cost of production, not only on account of the initial outlay of capital required, but because of their influence on efficient production. The elimination of waste, whether of material, time or ef fort, is the chief feature of all manufacturing, and the design of factory buildings plays its part in this elimination.
Selection of Site.
The effect of location is common to all factory design, and in selecting a site all the following should be taken into account : Nearness to raw material supply is an important factor where raw materials are bulky and cheap, but as the bulk decreases and the value increases this factor becomes less important.
The supplies of electricity, gas and water are all important con siderations, especially where, as in the case of some industries, enormous quantities of any one are needed, as, for example, in the pulp and paper industry, which requires a vast amount of water; or where the cost of power represents a large part of the ultimate cost of the product.
Suitable Labour Supply.—Where the necessary labour supply is of the unskilled type this is not an important factor, but where skilled labour is essential it is necessary to locate the industry in a district where training and heredity have developed the required.
Other Factors.—Capital available for investment, laws affecting the tenancy of land, sewage, floods, drinking water supply, etc., are all important points to consider in the selection of a site.
Types of Factory Building.
- The type of building erected for a factory depends entirely on the product to be manufactured, and the architectural form is dominated by this factor, and, in the majority of cases, by the great need for economy ; but an at tractive looking plant has a marked effect on employees, and has an advertising value.
- The one-story building with large truss spans, provided with accommodation for travelling cranes, etc. This is the foundry, forge and machine shop type and is suitable for medium and heavy work.
- Multi-story buildings for all kinds of manufacture and stor age, except in the case of the heaviest industries.
Whatever type of construction is employed, the predominating necessity is "fireproofness." In the event of a fire, although the actual amount of material damage is recoverable by insurance, the loss through disorganization is not recoverable, and frequently is so overwhelming as to prevent ultimate reorganization.
- Mill Construction.—Mill construction is of various types, but in the main, the outside walls are of masonry, the floors of wood, and the roofs, posts, joists and girders of wood or metal.
- Steel Framework.—Buildings of this type were made possible by the introduction of the Bessemer process of steel manufacture.
- Reinforced Concrete.—Buildings of this material have come to be recognized as one of the standard types for industry.
Details of Construction
choosing a site an important point is that of levels, and a site poor in this respect purchased at a low figure may eventually prove a most costly one.
- Floors.—These should be designed to provide facilities for fu ture changes, especially if they are of reinforced concrete, and ducts should be arranged to accommodate pipes, etc.
- Lighting.—Windows, while no more expensive in initial outlay than walls, are an expensive item in upkeep, and with a large area of glazing the size of glass forming a unit should be of the order of 'ft. 4in. by aft. or even larger, if of the roughcast or "pris matic" type.
- Roofs.—Roofs are one of the large items in building construc tion.
- Heating and Ventilation.—Of these two subjects the latter is the more important. In an ordinary factory the air should be changed three to five times per hour, while under some circum stances it should be changed as many as 20 times per hour.
- Stairways, Lifts, Elevators, etc.—Stairways should be sample for emergencies and give passengers the least inconvenience, rise being considered good practice
- Power Supplies.—Where power is generated on the site, the plant should be located at a point most convenient for the hand ling of fuel and ashes, and all boiler and engine-room equipment should be capable of extension.
- Fire Protection.—The installation of apparatus to deal with outbreaks of fire is a necessity in all industrial buildings. The most usual form is by the sprinkler system in which pipes are fixed horizontally along the ceiling, and supplied with water which is not released until the temperature in the building is sufficiently high to melt the solder which holds the automatic valve of the sprinklers in position.
More Details Click Link Below